Organic chemistry

About Course

Organic chemistry is a branch of chemistry that studies the structure, properties and reactions of organic compounds, which contain carbon in covalent bonding. Study of structure determines their chemical composition and formula. A brief introduction to organic chemistry. Carbon can form covalent bonds with itself and other elements to create a mind-boggling array of structures. This is the property of khanacademy.org and is available for free on their website.

Topics for this course

367 Lessons

Structure and bonding

Dot structures
Dot structures I: Single bonds
Dot structures II: Multiple bonds
sp3 hybridized orbitals and sigma bonds
Pi bonds and sp2 hybridized orbitals
sp³ hybridization
Steric number
sp² hybridization
sp hybridization
Worked examples: Finding the hybridization of atoms in organic molecules
Tetrahedral bond angle proof
Bond-line structures
Condensed structures
Bond-line structures
Three-dimensional bond-line structures
Structural (constitutional) isomers
Electronegativity and bonding
Molecular polarity
Intermolecular forces
Boiling points of organic compounds
Solubility of organic compounds
Counting electrons
Comparing formal charges to oxidation states
Formal charge on carbon
Formal charge on nitrogen
Formal charge on oxygen
Oxidation states of carbon
Organic oxidation-reduction reactions
Resonance structure patterns
Resonance structures for benzene and the phenoxide anion
Common mistakes when drawing resonance structures
Resonance structures and hybridization
Resonance structures
Resonance structures
Organic acid-base chemistry
Acid-base definitions
Organic acid-base mechanisms
Ka and acid strength
Ka and pKa review
Using a pKa table
Using pKa values to predict the position of equilibrium
Stabilization of a conjugate base: electronegativity
Acid strength, anion size, and bond energy
Stabilization of a conjugate base: resonance
Stabilization of a conjugate base: induction
Stabilization of a conjugate base: hybridization
Stabilization of a conjugate base: solvation

Alkanes, cycloalkanes, and functional groups


Substitution and elimination reactions

Alkenes and alkynes

Alcohols, ethers, epoxides, sulfides

Conjugated systems and pericyclic reactions

Aromatic compounds

Aldehydes and ketones

Carboxylic acids and derivatives

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